News Section:  Department of Energy (DoE)

Coupling 2 ‘Tabletop’ Laser-Plasma Accelerators, a Decisive First Step Toward Tomorrow’s Ultrapowerful Compact Machines

February 1, 2016

Laser-plasma accelerators (LPAs) got the nickname “tabletop” because, as shown by the unique BELLA accelerator at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), they can boost electron beams to multibillion electron-volt energies (GeVs) in a few centimeters—a distance thousands of times shorter than conventional accelerators. Past those few centimeters, however, the laser pulse weakens and energy gain stalls. LPAs will have to get off the tabletop …click to read more…

Public Hearings on Northern Pass Draft EIS Announced

January 29, 2016

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has announced public hearings to receive comments on the Draft EIS (DOE/EIS–0463).  The Draft EIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of DOE’s proposed Federal action of issuing a Presidential permit to Northern Pass LLC (the Applicant) to construct, operate, maintain, and connect a new electric transmission line across the U.S./Canada border in northern New Hampshire. For the convenience of the public, DOE in conjunction …click to read more…

DOE Office of Indian Energy to Host Tribal Renewable Energy Workshop Feb. 9–11

January 28, 2016

Bringing a tribal energy project to fruition is a complex, multifaceted process that can be challenging to navigate. From planning and structuring to financing and implementation, each phase of project development involves obstacles, setbacks, twists, and turns dictated by the tribe’s unique energy landscape. To assist tribal energy project teams in navigating these complexities, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy is offering a hands-on, interactive workshop …click to read more…

Scientists Discover Protein’s Starring Role in Genome Stability, and Possibly Cancer Prevention

January 28, 2016

If you have a soft spot for unsung heroes, you’ll love a DNA repair protein called XPG. Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) discovered that XPG plays a previously unknown and critical role helping to maintain genome stability in human cells. Their findings also raise the possibility that the protein helps prevent breast, ovarian, and other cancers associated with defective BRCA genes. The …click to read more…

Simplifying Solar Cells with a New Mix of Materials

January 27, 2016

An international research team has simplified the steps to create highly efficient silicon solar cells by applying a new mix of materials to a standard design. Arrays of solar cells are used in solar panels to convert sunlight to electricity. The special blend of materials—which could also prove useful in semiconductor components—eliminates the need for a process known as doping that steers the device’s properties by introducing foreign atoms to …click to read more…

Polar Vortices Observed in Ferroelectric

January 27, 2016

The first ever observations of polar vortices  in a ferroelectic material could find potential applications in ultracompact data storage and processing and the production of new states of matter. -Written by Lynn Yarris The observation in a ferroelectric material of “polar vortices” that appear to be the electrical cousins of magnetic skyrmions holds intriguing possibilities for advanced electronic devices. These polar vortices, which were theoretically predicted more than a decade …click to read more…

Moore Foundation Funds Berkeley Lab for Next-Generation Accelerators

January 25, 2016

-Written by Aditi Risbud Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) researchers will receive $2.4 million from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation to develop compact free electron lasers that will serve as powerful, affordable x-ray sources for scientific discovery. This new technology could lead to portable and high-contrast X-ray imaging to observe chemical reactions, visualize the flow of electrons, or watch biological processes unfold. Currently, x-ray light sources hold great …click to read more…

Weaving a New Story for COFS and MOFs

January 21, 2016

COF-505 is the first 3D covalent organic framework to be made by weaving together helical organic threads, a fabrication technique that yields significant advantages in structural flexibility, resiliency and reversibility over previous COFs. There are many different ways to make nanomaterials but weaving, the oldest and most enduring method of making fabrics, has not been one of them – until now. An international collaboration led by scientists at the U.S. …click to read more…

UC names Michael Witherell to head Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

January 21, 2016

The University of California Board of Regents today (Jan. 21) approved Michael Witherell, vice chancellor for research at UC Santa Barbara, as director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Witherell is a leading physicist with a highly distinguished career in teaching, research and managing complex organizations. He has received numerous honors and recognitions for his scientific contributions and achievements. Witherell is the former director of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) …click to read more…

Explore Galaxies Far, Far Away at Internet Speeds

January 21, 2016

No need for hyperdrive: Scientists have released an “expansion pack” for a virtual tour of the universe that you can enjoy from the comfort of your own computer. The latest version of the publicly accessible images of the sky, which can be viewed using an interactive Sky Viewer tool, roughly doubles the size of the searchable universe from the project’s original release in May. The images for this sky-mapping project, …click to read more…